Sunday, May 1, 2011

100 years of Britain's Royal Family





MYA (11)

100 years of Britain's Royal Family

Britain's Prince William and his girlfriend Kate Middleton are to get married on Friday.

Following is a timeline of Britain's Royal family in the last 100 years.

1910 - King George V ascends the throne on May 6.

1917 - At the height of World War One, the House of Windsor comes into being, when the name is adopted as the British Royal Family's official name by a proclamation of King George V, replacing the historic name of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

January 20, 1936 - George V dies and is succeeded by his son Edward VIII.

December 11, 1936 - Edward VIII is in love with a divorced American woman, Wallis Simpson. Edward has to choose between the crown and Mrs Simpson who, being twice-divorced, would not have been acceptable as Queen.

-- Edward VIII abdicates, and his brother becomes King George VI and his wife Elizabeth queen.

November 20, 1947 - George VI's first-born Princess Elizabeth marries Philip Mountbatten, who becomes Duke of Edinburgh.

February 1952 - Princess Elizabeth and her husband Prince Philip, set out on a tour of Africa and Asia in place of her ailing father King George VI. George dies on February 6.

June 2, 1953 - Queen Elizabeth is crowned at Westminster Abbey in the first televised coronation service.

1960 - The queen gives birth to her third child, Andrew. Her eldest son, Charles, was born in 1948 and Anne in 1950. The queen has her last child, Edward in 1964.

1973 - The queen's only daughter, Princess Anne, marries Captain Mark Phillips. They divorce in 1992.

1977 - The queen marks her Silver Jubilee with a tour of Commonwealth countries and lavish celebrations in Britain.

July 29, 1981 - Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer in a glittering ceremony. They divorce in 1996.

June 21, 1982 - A son, Prince William, is born to Charles and Diana. Prince Harry is born two years later.

July 23, 1986 - Andrew marries publishing executive Sarah Ferguson, dubbed "Fergie" by the tabloid press.

1992 - Queen Elizabeth's 40th year on the throne, which she calls her 'annus horribilis' (horrible year), is marked by marital upsets, a fire and public dissent.

-- Andrew and Sarah separate. Anne divorces Mark Phillips. Photos of a topless Sarah kissing her "financial adviser" cause a furor.

-- In November, Windsor Castle is badly damaged by fire. The queen agrees to pay income tax.

-- In December, Charles and Diana announce their separation.

August 28, 1996 - Charles and Diana are divorced.

August 31, 1997 - Diana and her millionaire companion Dodi Al Fayed are killed when their car crashes while being chased through Paris by photographers on motorcycles.

-- In November, large crowds greet the queen and Philip as they mark their golden wedding anniversary. In an unusually frank speech, the queen acknowledges that monarchies survive only through public support.

2002 - The queen marks the 50th anniversary of her accession on February 6.

February 9 - The queen's sister, Princess Margaret, dies at the age of 71 after a life of glamour and heartbreak.

March 30 - Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother dies at Windsor Castle aged 101.

April 30 - Addressing both houses of parliament in the first major public event of her Golden Jubilee year, the queen says she intends to remain on the throne to help Britain prosper.

June 1-4 - Four days of nationwide celebrations mark the queen's Golden Jubilee.

April 8, 2005 - Charles announces he will marry his long-time lover Camilla Parker Bowles in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle.

May 3, 2007 - The queen arrives in the U.S. to mark the 400th anniversary, on May 14, 1607, of Virginia Company explorers landing on Jamestown Island to establish the Virginia English colony on the banks of the James River.

November 19 - The queen and the Duke of Edinburgh mark their 60th wedding anniversary with a service at London's Westminster Abbey.

October 14, 2010 - The queen cancels a planned Christmas party at Buckingham Palace after deciding it would be inappropriate to celebrate as Britons feel the pinch from the economic crisis.

March 4, 2011 - Britain and Ireland announce that the queen is to travel to Ireland in 2011, the first official visit by a British monarch since before the Irish state gained independence from Britain in 1921.

April 29, 2011 - Prince William, the queen's grandson and Kate Middleton are to marry in Westminster Abbey.

Britain's Prince William

Here are some details about William:


-- Born William Arthur Philip Louis on June 21, 1982 at St Mary's Hospital, Paddington, west London, he is the elder son of heir-to-the-throne Prince Charles and the late Princess Diana and also second in line to the throne.

-- After attending Mrs Mynors School, Prince William became a pupil at Wetherby School in London until 1990 and then Ludgrove School in Berkshire, until 1995. He then attended Eton College. William studied at St Andrews University in Scotland and graduated in Geography in 2005.


-- Prince William was 15 when Diana, Princess of Wales was killed in a car crash in Paris at the end of August 1997. William and his younger brother Prince Harry walked behind their mother's cortege at her funeral procession in London.


-- William joined the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst as an Officer Cadet and was commissioned as an army officer in front of the queen at Sandhurst in December 2006 and joined the Household Cavalry (Blues and Royals) as a Second Lieutenant.

- William graduated as a search and rescue Pilot with the Royal Air Force in September 2010.


-- William met Kate Middleton at St Andrews University in Scotland, where they both began studying in September 2001. They shared a four-bedroom house in the town and went on several holidays together.

- Intolerable media intrusion was cited by many sources as the reason they broke up in 2007, but they soon got back together and will marry on April 29.


-- William and Kate returned to St Andrews university on February 25, with an official visit to mark the university's 600th anniversary. It followed their first official outing as a couple the day before, where Middleton's appearance at a boat launch ceremony in Wales was lauded in the royalty-obsessed British media.

-- Both William and Kate visited Belfast on March 8 amid tight security.

-- William also flew out to New Zealand and Australia in March to represent Queen Elizabeth at a national memorial service in New Zealand for victims of a devastating earthquake which killed at least 166 people and to tour flood-damaged areas of Queensland, Australia.

-- Earlier this month Kate and William arrived at Darwen Aldridge Community Academy school in northwest England to officially open the school in their last official engagement before their wedding.





MYA (11)

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